Poor rainfall in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, the main producers of rice in India has led to a decreased planting of paddy by farmers, which may lead to a lower yield of rice this Kharif season. As India is the top country by rice export quantity in the world, accounting for 40 percent of the global rice trade, this spells trouble for the global economy.
Cultivation in India is primarily dependent upon the monsoon. This is especially true in the case of rice production, as rice is a water-intensive crop. The recent decline in rainfall has therefore led to rice plantation being the lowest in three years; the area of land in which paddy is cultivated has shrunk by 13 percent overall.