Photo feature: Modern and Traditional way of farming at Jharkhand

The cultivation of monocropped rice under rainfed conditions is well recognized in Jharkhand

Photo feature: Modern and Traditional way of farming at Jharkhand
Indian farmer using traditional means of farming, a pair of oxen pulled plough in his field at Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Photographs and videos by Rajeev Bhatt)

Jharkhand is a state in eastern India known for its waterfalls, hills, holy places, and major religious sites. "Jharkhand" means forest land or 'the land of forests.' Jharkhand faces what is mostly referred to as a resource curse: it accounts for more than 40 percent of India's mineral resources, yet 39.1 percent of its residents live in poverty, and 19.6 percent of its children under the age of five are malnourished.

Rain deficit has escalated the danger of drought at Hazaribagh in Jharkhand. Chatra, Deoghar, Garwah, Giridih, Godda, Jamtatra, Koderma, and Pakur are other districts which might be designated as areas affected by the drought

80 percent of the state's rural population depends on agriculture as their main source of income. Their main source of employment and income is agriculture. Dependence on nature, low investment, low productivity, mono-cropping with paddy as the dominant crop, insufficient irrigation infrastructure, and small and marginal holdings are the key characteristics of the agricultural economy of the state of Jharkhand. As much as 92 percent of the entire cultivated land is not irrigated, which illustrates how dependent agriculture is on the whims of the rain god.

In wake of inevitable drought like situation due to rain deficit in state, all districts have been directed to prepare a contingency plan, including alternate crop selection. We are starting the process to implement the Rajya Fasal Raahat Yojna to compensate for crop loss. Based on crop cutting experiment, farmers would be compensated for their loss, said Deputy Commissioner, Hazaribagh, Nancy Sahay.